October 6, 2022

scienceofedu

science of education

From the 60 Minutes archives: Survivors of Josef Mengele’s twin experiments

2 min read

This 7 days on 60 Minutes, correspondent Lesley Stahl stories on an ground breaking project that uses synthetic intelligence technological innovation to let men and women to communicate with Holocaust survivors, even right after their demise. 

For Stahl, it meant continuing a discussion she started out with a survivor a few a long time back.

This superior-tech initiative is a venture of the USC Shoah Basis, a non-profit firm created to collect testimonies from survivors of the Holocaust and other cases of genocide. The organization has interviewed virtually 55,000 Holocaust survivors so considerably, and their new project aims to go a move further more.  

The project’s creators movie prolonged interviews with Holocaust survivors, then enter all the recorded solutions into a database. When a particular person asks a spoken issue, voice recognition technologies identifies what the man or woman is asking, then artificial intelligence identifies the best solution to the query and pulls up the video clip of that reaction. The resulting exchanges truly feel like authentic conversations.
   
“I required to discuss to a Holocaust survivor like I would nowadays, with that human being sitting proper in entrance of me and we have been possessing a discussion,” the project’s co-creator, Heather Maio, instructed Stahl on the broadcast.
 
Stahl used the technologies for some thing by no means just before found on 60 Minutes: She interviewed people today who are no longer alive. 1 of the survivors she digitally spoke with was Eva Kor, an identical twin who survived the brutal experiments of Josef Mengele at the Auschwitz focus camp. 

Kor died in July 2019 at the age of 85, but there she was, in a lifetime-like projection, eager to reply Stahl’s thoughts — even her recollections of Mengele: “When I looked into his eyes, I could see absolutely nothing but evil,” the electronic Kor informed Stahl. “Folks say that the eyes are the center of the soul, and in Mengele’s scenario, that was accurate.”

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Eva Kor very first spoke with Lesley Stahl in 1992.

It was not the very first time Stahl experienced spoken with Kor. In 1992, 60 Minutes noted on Mengele’s twin experiments, and Stahl interviewed the residing Kor at her household in Terre Haute, Indiana. At the time, Kor recalled how her twin sister, Miriam, aided sustain her everyday living at Auschwitz.

“I was continuously fainting out of starvation even right after, I survived,” Kor explained. “However Miriam saved her bread for 1 complete 7 days. Now can you picture what willpower does it just take?”

Kor advised Stahl it experienced taken her 40 yrs right before she was equipped to talk with her sister about the atrocities they experienced at Auschwitz. Now with the USC Shoah Foundation’s innovative new challenge, persons will be ready to question her about it for decades to come. 

To enjoy Lesley Stahl’s 60 Minutes report “Conversing to the Previous,” click on right here.

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Although imprisoned at Auschwitz, Eva Kor and her sister, Miriam, survived Josef Mengele’s twin experiments.

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